In international law, a treaty is any legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc.c is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although no one has the word “treaty” in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is specifically a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “deliberation and approval” by the Senate. All other agreements (treaties in the international sense of the term) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding under international law to the United States. Several other commercial and economic partnerships and political agreements concluded by the EU contain references to the Convention and/or its main objectives, with a view to protecting the diversity of cultural expressions, in particular in the audiovisual field. Four of these new agreements were signed or entered into force between 2012 and 2016: with the SADC EPA states (Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland), with Colombia and Peru, with Georgia and with Moldova. The EU-China Declaration on Cultural Cooperation, the Vietnam Framework Agreement, the Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement in Kazakhstan and the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with Mongolia also make explicit reference to the Convention. Through the Cultural Cooperation Protocols, the EU implements the 2005 Convention and is able to create specific cooperation frameworks for the audiovisual sector and other cultural services with third countries. Although the agreements with Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and Japan do not use the residence rule as the primary determinant of coverage of self-employment, each of them contains a provision guaranteeing that workers are insured and taxed in only one country. For more information on these agreements, click here on our website or by writing to the Social Security Administration (SSA) in the “Conclusion” section below.
Unless a contract contains provisions concerning other agreements or acts, only the text of the treaty is legally binding. Generally speaking, a treaty amendment is binding only on States that have ratified the amendment and agreements reached at review conferences, summits or meetings of States parties are political, but not legally binding. The Charter of the United Nations is an example of a treaty that contains provisions relating to other binding agreements. By signing and ratifying the Charter, countries have agreed to be legally bound by resolutions adopted by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council. . . .