The remaining 2% that 2 countries send have not yet designated categories B and C as they prepare for a marathon, train harder in areas where you are below average. Similarly, developing and least developed countries should pay particular attention to actors in international trade that are often not taken into account, such as SMEs and SMEs. The WTO estimates that direct exports account for only 7.6% of the total turnover of SMEs in manufacturing countries in developing countries (WTO, World Trade Report, 2016). The TFA includes a revolutionary TDS mechanism – a first in the multilateral trading system – that allows developing and least developed countries to set the implementation schedule themselves, and technical assistance and capacity building (TACB) must build implementation capacity, provided that these members submit a certain number of notifications. 22 of the 59 developing countries – which are bound by the agreement and request a TACB – have provided information through donor coordinators. Only five of the 27 DDCs linked by the TFA provided such information. The low level of compliance confirms the complexity of these countries in centralizing and targeting tacib requests. With regard to the appointment of donor coordinators, developing and least developed countries are required to provide their contact details to the WTO (Article 22.3). Technical assistance for trade facilitation is provided by the WTO, WTO Members and other intergovernmental organizations, including the World Bank, the World Customs Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In July 2014, the WTO announced the creation of the Trade Facilitation Facility, which assists developing and least-developed countries in implementing the Trade Facilitation Agreement. The Facility was operational with the adoption of the Trade Facilitation Protocol on 27 November 2014.  Equivalent to two countries – Cuba, Maldives and Ukraine.
The provisions of the TFA-TDT have brought a new paradigm to multilateralism and have focused trade agreements from liberalization to development. Indeed, the TFA takes up the motto of the 2030 Agenda “Leave no one behind” by linking the implementation of legally binding commitments to the ability of developing countries to do so. In addition, the agreement obliges donor members to provide the TACB. Least developed countries account for 65% of these pending ratifications, which means that their parliaments need to be made more aware of the benefits of the TFA. Upon ratification, these countries must simultaneously complete each formal notification. At the same time, 90.9% of WTO members are implementing the agreement on the basis of the most favoured countries.19 September 2017: Reducing costs and improving trade in Europe and Central Asia: World Bank Group brings together governments and businesses to share experiences on trade facilitation reforms and improve border coordination 21 August 2019: ePhyto: Promoting safe and efficient trade 20. November 2019: Trade simplification boosts businesses in Kosovo Partnerships are essential in the banking group Support the TFA to maximise coordination and coherence, and ensure that development resources and external know-how are used as effectively as possible. As a founding member of the Annex D Group of Trade Facilitation Organizations, the World Bank Group has worked closely with partners at the global, regional, and country levels – and we have supported the expansion of the group to include new members. The World Bank Group has also contributed to the development of implementation monitoring tools, such as the OECD Trade Facilitation Indicators. 28 March 2019: Finding the right balance: minimising risks to food security and facilitating trade in North Macedonia We help countries learn from their experience, monitor and measure success.
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