The Estonia Agreement 1995

“Second, the location of the wreckage. must be duly respected. Third, the parties to the agreement must establish rules in their laws in case someone dives for the purpose of looting the wreckage, in which case they should be punished. [However, the peace of the grave agreement does not prevent us from identifying the condition of the wreck and the cause of the sinking,” Blankin continued. Done at Tallinn, 23 February 1995, in three originals in English. As a Party to the Convention on the Protection of the Wreck of the M/S Estonia, signed at Tallinn on 23 February 1995, this Agreement shall enter into force thirty days after the date on which the Parties have notified the other Parties in writing that the constitutional procedures necessary for its entry into force have been completed. The Swedish government initially promised to lift the wreckage and spare no cost to find the cause of the disaster. But she changed her mind and rejected all the survivors` requests for the Estonia to rise to the surface while in the shallow waters. Estonia`s ensuing 1995 agreement was aimed at preventing the wreck in international waters from being explored. The agreement was signed by Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Denmark, Russia and, curiously, Britain, which has no obvious connection with the Baltic countries.

A Briton, John Manning, died in the disaster; A second, Paul Barney of Pangbourne, Berkshire, survived after swimming to an upside-down raft and clung to rough seas until he was rescued. In the aftermath of the disaster, many family members of the deceased requested that their loved ones be lifted from international waters and buried. It was also requested to collect the entire ship so that the cause of the disaster could be detected by a detailed inspection. [33] [34] Citing the practical difficulties and moral implications of lifting the decomposing bodies from the seabed (the majority of the bodies were never recovered) and fearing the financial burden of lifting the entire hull to the surface and carrying out the rescue operation, the Swedish government proposed to bury the entire ship on site with a concrete hull. [35] [36] Thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped at the site. [34] The 1995 Estonia Agreement between Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom declared the site to be holy and prohibited its citizens from approaching the wreck. [37] However, the treaty only binds the citizens of the signatory states. At least twice, the Swedish Navy discovered diving operations on the wreckage. The wreck is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy. [38] On September 28, 1994, the MS Estonia capsized and sank in the Baltic Sea on its way from Tallinn to Stockholm. In 1995, Sweden, Finland and Estonia signed the Estonia Agreement (1), in which they declared the untouching at the site of the shipwreck and undertook to prohibit their citizens from approaching it. “In fact, this agreement is very short, anyone can find it, and it was even published in 1995 in the Official Journal (Riigi Teataja).

There are actually only a few points in the agreement that says three things. First, that the three countries agreed not to lift the wreckage. There is no longer any justification there, only this one paragraph,” Blankin said. Estonians are also overcharged for the official investigation; Some have even suggested that the cause of the accident could be a collision with a submarine or sabotage…